Wednesday, August 13, 2014

[Translation] - Recognizing the Enemy and Paying Attention to the Leader's Guidance Keeps the County Safe

Title: Recognizing the Enemy and Paying Attention to the Leader's Guidance Keeps the County Safe
Date: July 15, 2014 / Tir 24, 1393
Source: Tasnim News

Tasnim News: The director of intelligence in Sistan & Baluchistan said: Familiarization with the enemy, and paying attention to the guidance of the Supreme Leader [and the] Quran, is a roadmap for confronting the Arrogance and [protecting] the country against damage.

In a conference on the activities of terrorist groups in the Islamic world, the director of intelligence in S&B said to Tasnim News in Zahedan: Our Islamic Revolution occurred in conditions that affect the whole world, an area of soft and hard confrontation between two poles of the world, in which one was located in America, and the other in the Soviet Union.

He added: In Islamic Iran, Khomenei's leadership and his enlightened guidance based on Islam transformed the world order and the [balance] of power by taking a third form.

The director of intelligence in Sistan & Baluchistan said: Centered around Iran, Islam encountered these two camps, both of which used policies to confront the [Islamic]-System, and became the scene of an invasion by both eastern and western enemies.

He said: The main conspiracy against Iran's Islamic System originates in the intelligence-services of those two camps, and the reason for their attention towards the Islamic Revolution … is because it is a model for all the world's oppressed.

Explaining that confronting Israel has been a primary goal since the early-Revolution, the director of intelligence in Sistan and Baluchistan said: Because of this position, hard and soft actions were began on behalf of the Arrogance in the form of a conspiracy by the Hypocrities, anti-revolutionary groups, and the 8-year Imposed War against the Islamic Republic.

The director added: In the final years of the 20th century, important events such as the failure of Russia in Afghanistan, the removal of the Soviets as the world's second power, and the Soviet's demise led to America's victory.

He stressed: This [was] important for America and forms the roadmap of their plan, [including] the use of religious extremists such as Al Qaeda, their formation in Afghanistan, and the creation of spaces necessary for their support.

The director said: Due to this strategy, the collapse of the Soviet Union created the events of 9/11 and [the US's] war with the Taliban, so that now the puppets of the Arrogance are now against the Arrogance. [paragraph unclear]

Noting that after 9/11, the approach was to turn these threats into opportunities in the form of regional projects, he said:[After] transferring al-Qaeda to Sudan and then Afghanistan, they confronted them there for the past 10 years. [paragraph unclear]

The director said: The importance of this drawn-out process with two major goals was [paragraph unclear]

The director said: The rise of Takfiris in Waziristan and Afghanistan was formed in order to send trained fighters from this region to Syria.

He said: The group's trained personnel were prepared in 81 countries around the world and went to America's war [for/against?], however it can be observed that they are deployed in Syria opposite the Resistance against Israel.

He stated: America, as well as harnessing and converting threats by transferring Takfiris from Afghanistan and Pakistan to Syria, [unclear] the forces that were arrayed against Israel with the people and government of Syria with the strategic objective of transferring the conflict from the occupied territories to Lebanon.

The director said: The Takfiri conflicts, and the drawing-out of this process, [brought] many strategic benefits, which includes downplaying the Intifada and positioning the scene of confrontation in Syria, Lebanon and Palestine over the past three years. [?]

He said: The killing of more than a hundred thousand is an outcome of the [unclear; "Aqaba"?] school-of-thought, which was planned by Israel, America, and England, [after] they lost three wars in Palestine and Arab region.

He continued: [Following their] loss in the 33-day and 22-day wars, the Intifada, and the destruction of Israel's Iron-Dome system by Hezbollah UAVs, their master-plan [became] religious-conflict and the importation of Takfiris into the region.

The director said: Due to the issues in Iraq, and the failure in Syria, their main objective is the transfer of conflicts from the occupied territories to Lebanon and the conflict between the Takfiris and Lebanon … [unclear/this map having another side?].

He said: A deep look at the function of our intelligence-services [paragraph unclear]

He stressed: Due to their designs, we are tracking all these issues, and with the creation of a common understanding, mobilization efforts, solidarity, and the necessary measures, the plots of the enemy and the Arrogance will be thwarted.

The director added: The enemy has endeavored to create a security barrier for Israel such that this regime's defense in 2013 was their strongest because the conflicts that have arisen from the actions of the Global Arrogance have diverted the consensus of the Islamic World away from Israel.

He said: I am surprised to see that the people who have gone to Syria have not fired one shot against Israel, and are being converted into a tool against Muslims, which is the plot of think-tanks [that are] the enemy of Muslims.

He stated: The creation and intensification of differences, the destruction of Shia and Sunni beliefs, and the creation of differences [between them], are strategies used by them against the Islamic world.

The director said: Khomenei's model of unification underlying the comments of the Supreme Leader [is] the principle [which] alerts public opinion, and thwarts [the enemies] plot.

Adding that provoking differences in Islamic countries is considered the main strategy of the Arrogance: Protecting unity, and the need for vigilance in confronting tricks are principles that we have in most cases, [and because of these principles], free nations in the world and Islamic-[community] can turn to us as a model.

---

Monday, August 11, 2014

Basij Organization - Semnan Province

In the third part of the 'Basij Organization' series, we now turn to our first case study: Semnan province. The first part covered the Imam Hussein battalion, and the second part covered the Beit al-Moqdas battalion.

Index:
Abbreviations/acronyms
Introduction
Province
Area
Zone, base and battalion
Footnotes
Appendix - Reference material translations

Abbreviations/Acronyms:
aZ: al-Zahra; battalion name.
BaM: Beit al-Moqdas; battalion or exercise name.
bn: battalion
BRB: Basij Resistance Base; lowest administrative level.
BRZ: Basij Resistance Zone; middle administrative level.
BRA/SRA: Basij/Sepah Resistance Area; highest administrative level below the province.
co: company
HQ: headquarters.
IA: Imam Ali; battalion name.
IH: Imam Hussein; battalion name.
IRGC: Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (aka, Sepah)
IRGCGF: Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Ground Forces

Introduction:
The Basij in Semnan province are organized according to the Gen. Jafari's Mosaic Doctrine, which directly subordinated the Basij of each province to the IRGC's command structure, and is briefly described in part one of this series. The highest level of this organization is the provincial IRGC itself ,and in Semnan it is the 12th 'Mohammed al-Qaem' Infantry Brigade. Below this are eight SRAs, corresponding to each of the province's counties. Below this, are BRZs and their associated BRBs and combat battalions.



Province:
Based in Shahrud city, the 12th Brigade is the nexus around which the Basij are organized. The brigade is responsible for coordinating and providing regular training to the province's Basij.[1]

The only other IRGCGF maneuver element in the province is the 10th Air Defense Group, which is based in Semnan city.[2] Their relationship to the provincial IRGC is unknown, and it is possible that a combat-support unit such as this one is subordinate to a larger operations command in much the same way they are in the Army. Otherwise, a strict province-based command for the IRGCGF would risk an inefficient piecemeal deployment of support equipment like artillery and air-defense.

Area:
Leadership hierarchy of the Semnan-province Basij and IRGC
The eight SRAs in Semnan correspond to each of the province's counties, and include: Aradan, Damghan, Garmsar, Mehdishahr, Miyami, Semnan, Shahrud, and Sokheh.

The are alternatively known as BRAs, or SRAs, highlighting the degree to which the Basij have ceased to function as an independent entity. There is no distinction between the two terms.

Each area is commanded by an active-duty IRGC officer, typically a colonel.

 
Zone, Base, and Battalion:
Below the county-level, the picture of Basij combat-strength is incomplete. BRZs and BRBs cease to predictably correspond solely to geographic designations, as some are organized according to type, many of which do not have a combat role. Similarly, they are too great in number and localized to be uniformly reported on.

Instead, an alternative is the use of exercise reports to estimate combat strength. This includes the 'Beit al-Moqdas' exercises, which have taken place twice in the Semnan province, first in late-2012, and most recently in early-2014. Since they are meant to simulate a simultaneous mobilization of all SRAs in a 'rapid-reaction' scenario against a conventional military threat, these two-day exercises offer the best approximation of the province's practical capacity.

Although the numbers vary between exercises, are questionably precise, and are subject to interpretation, they provide an approximate picture of an SRA's strength:

Beit al-Moqdas Exercise, 2012: [5], [6], [7]
SRA Bns, all BaM IH aZ Personnel
Aradan: NA NA NA NA NA
Damghan:
[8]
[5]
[1]
[2]
1700
Garmsar:
[7]
[5]
[1]
[1]
1250
Mehdishahr: 5 3 1 1 1100
Miyami:
[7]
[5]
[1]
[1]
1250
Semnan:
[8]
[4]
[2]
[2]
1800
Shahrud: 10 5 3 2 2400
Sorkheh: NA NA NA NA NA
Total: 45 27 9 9 9500

Beit al-Moqdas Exercise, 2014: [8]
SRA Bns, all BaM IH aZ Kosar Other* Personnel
Aradan:
[3+1 co]
2
1 co
[1]
0 0 690
Damghan:
[4-6]
2
[1-2]
[1-2]
0 0 1000
Garmsar:
[4]
2
[1]
[1]
0 0 768
Mehdishahr:
[3]
2
[1]
0 0 0 668
Miyami:
[4]
2
[1]
[1]
0 0 868
Semnan:
[8-10]
[3-5]
[1]
[1]
[1]
[2]
1770
Shahrud:
[5-6]
[2]
[2-3]
0
[1]
0 1300
Sorkheh:
[3]
1
[1]
[1]
0 0 650
Total:
[34-39]
[16-18]
[8-10]
[6-7]
[2]
[2]
7714
* Includes Ashura, IA, and HQ type bns

Note: Brackets indicate uncertainty where the number of participating bns is not explicitly stated, but instead deduced from context. Low-moderate confidence in exact figures, high-confidence in overall trend and distribution.

Generally, each SRA contributes between 500 and 2500 personnel. The more populous counties provide more, while the less populous counties provide less, though not necessarily proportionally to population size. For instance, Semnan and Shahrud counties together contain close to 75% of the province's population, but contribute only about 40% of exercise participants. It is unknown whether the larger SRAs are mobilizing less of their available forces, or if the smaller SRAs have to fulfill a quota that is a proportionally larger.

The majority of personnel – half or more – are assigned to BaM battalions, while the remainder are generally split in equal measure between IH and female (aZ and Kosar) bns. This skew toward BaM bns is consistent both with the nature of exercises, the roles established for BaM and IH bns in the first two parts of this series, as well as with the general male-orientation of combat-forces worldwide.

As noted, since these exercises are geared toward a specific purpose – simulating a rapid-reaction scenario – the numbers above represent a fraction the county's overall personnel. In Mehdishahr, which contains about 10% of the province's population, the total number of Basij is quoted at 24,000. If accurate, this represents close to 60% of the county's 2006 population, buttressing the notion that the Basij are better understood as a multi-spectral organization (cultural, social political, and academic), closer 'the Party' in ex-East Bloc countries, than to a classical militia.[3]

Similarly, in Damghan, which contains close to 20% of the province's population, one urban BRZ reportedly contains 13 Ashura bns with a strength of 2,860 personnel.[4] Although difficult to extrapolate, this indicates that there are many-10s of unaccounted-for battalions in each SRA, albeit without as much combat-potential as the BaM and IH types.

Footnotes:
[1] Supplementary Training for Imam Hussein Battalions Held. FNA. 04/23/12.
[2] 10th 'Muharram' Air Defense Group. The Arkenstone. 01/17/14.
[3] 1,100 Mehdishahr Basij in Beit al-Moqdas Exercise. FNA. 12/01/12
[4] Preparation of 10 Battalions from Shahrud for the Beit al-Moqdas Exercise. FNA. 11/28/12.
[5] 10,000-Person Beit al-Moqdas Exercise Will be Held. FNA. 11/28/12.
[6] 7,500 People Participated in the Beit al-Moqdas Exercise in Semnan. FNA. 02/27/14.
[7] ibid FNA 12/01/12
[8] Call-up of Ashura Battalions from the Damghan SRA. Damghan News. 09/29/12.

Appendix - Reference Material Translations:

Title: Call-Up of Ashura Battalions from the Damghan SRA
Date: September 24, 2012 / Mehr 3, 1391
Source: Damghan News
The commander of the al-Hadi city-BRZ of the Damghan-Area-Sepah announced the two-day call-up of 1,000 Damghani Basij in Ashura battalions.

IRGC Col. Seyyed Taqi-pour said on the sidelines of of the call-up of Ashura battalions from Damghan's SRA: The two-day call-up of Ashura battalions will commemorate the arrival of Sacred Defense Week on Shahrivar 30 and 31, and will be held in the Bilal mosque in the Boostan neighborhood of Damghan.

He stated: In this two-day call-up, seven Ashura battalions subordinate to the al-Hadi neighborhood BRZ in the Damghan BRA/SRA, which includes 1,000 people.

The commander, noting that the al-Hadi neighborhood BRZ of the Damghan BRA has 13 Ashura battalions, said: 2,860 Basij from urban-BRBs are members of these battalions.

He added: Over the two-day call-up, Ashura bn members from this BRZ will be presented with military, ideological, and cultural training.

[articles fill continues]
---
Title:10,000-person Exercise 'Beit al-Moqdas' will be Held
Date: November 28, 2012 / Azar 8, 1391
Source: Fars News Agency
FNA: The commander of the 'Hasrat Qaem al-Mohammed' in the Semnan provicne said: The 10,000 person rapid-reaction-battalions 'Beit al-Moqdas' exercise will be held on Azar 9 and 10 simultaneously across the province.

General Ali Hosseini said in an interview with FNA today: In the eight-year Sacred Defense, Semnan contributed the second-highest number of fighters as a proportion of its population.

He added: After the victory in the Sacred Defense, exercises were performed across the country and province, one of them is Beit al-Moqdas, which, under the name 'Labik ya Rasoolallah', is carried out at the provincial level in the five counties of Miyami, Shahrud, Damghan, Semnan, and Garmsar.

The commander said: This exercise is carried out with 27 Beit al-Moqdas battalions, 9 Imam Hussein battalions, and 9 al-Zahra battalions.

Hosseini said: Programs planned in this exercise include [urban]-defense, SAR, riot-control, defense of sensitive targets, checkpoints, ambush and counter-ambush, and the province's Basij will complete this exercise with attention paid to internal threats.

[article fill continues] 
---

Title: 1,100 Mehdishahr Basij in Beit al-Moqdas Wargame
Date: December 1, 2012 / Azar 10, 1391
Source: Fars News Agency
FNA: The commander of the IRGC in Mehdishahr county announced the presence of 1,100 people from the Mehdishahr Basij in the Beit al-Moqdas exercises.

Yahiya Dinpour said in an interview today with FNA on the sidelines of the 10,000-person Beit al-Moqdas Battalions Exercise held in in Semnan on public-land [near] Chashtkhowran: Three BaM battalions, one IH battalion, and an aZ battalion – more than 1,100 people in total – from the Basij are participating in this exercise.

He explained: The exercise is being held with the participation of BaM rapid-reaction squads and five battalions from Mehdishahr county's Basij over a period of two days in the public-land [near] Chastkowran, for the purpose of upgrading the combat capability of the Basij forces.
The commander of the IRGC in Mehdishahr county, stating that the exercise was being held under the name ''Labik ya Rasoolallah', said: This exercise is being held temporally-centralized, and geographically-decentralized simultaneously across six counties in Semnan province.

He noted that: On the first day of the exercises, Basij forces completed unit training, and on the second day defensive-exercises were completed, [including] [urban]-defense, defense of sensitive targets, ambush and counter-ambush, SAR, and checkpoints.

Dinpour continued: Given the insults by Western media against Prophet Mohammed, this exercise has been named 'Labik ya Rasoolallah' and the Basij in this exercise [exemplify the ideals of the Prophet].

The commander of the IRGC in Mehdishahr county said: One of the characteristics of the Basij is that they have the necessary flexibility to confront enemy-threats in all times and places, and can deal with them quickly.

He explained: This issue has been demonstrated in the eight-year Sacred Defense, and today the Basij are better prepared for a comprehensive defense of the Islamic Revolution.

Dinpour emphasized: The Basij of this county [have considerable interest] in holding this exercise, and 100% of the personnel called-up participated in this exercise.

The commander of the IRGC in Mehdishahr said: More than 24,000 people from Mehdishar are members of the Basij and have been organized into several classes.

The 10,000-person rapid-reaction-battalions exercise 'Beit al-Moqdas' is now being held simultaneously across the Semnan province.

The exercise is being performed under the name 'Labik ya Rasoolallah' across the province in the five counties of Miyami, Shahrud, Damghan, Semnan, and Garmsar.

This exercise is being held with 27 BaM battalions, and with 9 IH and 9 aZ battalions.

Planned programs in this exercise include urban-defense, SAR, riot-control, defense of sensitive targets, checkpoints, ambush and counter-ambush, and the Basij from Semnan will complete this exercise with attention paid to internal threats.

In Semnan, more than 217 operations-squads have been formed subordinate to Rapid Reaction Beit al-Moqdas Battalions and these battalions include 147 'Zulfiqar' Rapid-Reaction squads, and 70 'Beit al-Moqdas' Rapid Reaction Squads.

The site of this exercise in Shahrud, Miyami and Garmsar is in public-lands, and in Damghan in the Qods Garrison, and in Semnan and Mehdishahr, which is being jointly held, is in the Qods HQ. (?)

The number of participating individuals in this exercise is 10,000 people, and is 1,800 in Semnan county, 2,400 in Shahrud, 1,700 in Damghan, 1,250 in Garmsar, 1,250 in Miyami, and 1,100 in Mehdishahr.
---

Title: 2,400-Person Beit al-Moqdas Battalion Exercise Began in Shahrud
Date: December 1, 2012 / Azar 10, 1391
Source: Fars News Agency
FNA: Shahrud 2,400-person BaM exercise began in the county's public-lands.

The BaM battalion exercise was carried out with Ashura basij and the […] slogan.

The BaM battalion exercise in Shahrud is a two-day exercise and on the first day of this exercise the Basij were called-up and organized.

Then, the Basij attended classis for ideology, politics, SAR, urban-defense, passive-defense, and during the night completed night-fighting, and ambush and counter-ambush exercises.

Battalions from Mosque and neighborhood-zones were also seen in this exercise.

BaM battalions from the Seyyed al-Shohada, Karbala, Khatem ol-Anbiya, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Najaf Ashraf BRZs were added to this exercise in Shahrud county on its second day.

[article fill continues]
---

Title: Preparation of 10 Battalions from Shahrud for the Beit al-Moqdas Exercise
Date: November 28, 2012 / Azar 8, 1391
Source: Fars News Agency 
FNA: The commander of the IRGC in Shahrud county announced the preparation of 10 Basij battalions from Shahrud for participation in the Beit al-Moqdas exercise, which is to be held with 10,000 Basij.

In the exercise's coordination-meeting held for the Shahrud-IRGC's Beit al-Moqdas battalions, which was held in the IRGC's meeting-hall, Abbas Motahari said to FNA: The Beit al-Moqdas rapid-reaction exercise is being held on the 9th and 10th of Azar in Shahrud, with the objective of preserving and consolidating Basij forces.

The IRGC commander in Shahrud county stated: [They] must try until the forces attending this exercise [are] completely prepared.

Mohtahari continued: The Shahrud-IRGC's Beit al-Moqdas Rapid Reaction Battalion Exercise is being held on Azar 9 and 10, on public-land in Shahrud, and in this exercise, five BaM battalions, three Imam Hussein battalions, and two al-Zahra battalions from the Shahrud Basij will participate.

In this meeting, the necessary coordination was completed for Basij's two-day exercise-program, and their deployment to the exercise region.

Today, the commander of the IRGC's 'Qaem al-Mohamed' [force] in Semnan province said to FNA: The 10,00-person Beit al-Moqdas rapid-reaction-battalions exercise is being held at the province-level on the Azar 9 and 10 [November 29-30].

General Ali Hosseini stating that in the Semnan province more than 217 operational/operations-squads have been formed under Beit-al-Moqdas-Rapid-Reaction-Battalions, said: These battalions include 147 'Zulfiqar' rapid-reaction squads, and 70 'Beit al-Moqdas' rapid-reaction squads.

Prof. Hosseini said that the most important objective of this exercise is to prepare the Basij to [protect] the sacred System of the Islamic Republic.
---

Title: 7,500 People Participated in the 'Beit al-Moqdas' Exercise in Semnan
Date: February 27, 2014 / Esfand 8, 1392
Source: Fars News Agency
The commander of the 'Qaem al-Mohmmed' IRGC in Semnan province said: More than 7,500 Basij participated in the 'Beit al-Moqdas' exercise throughout the Semnan province.

General Ali Hosseini in an exclusive interview with FNA said in this regard: The big 'Beit al-Moqdas' exercise began this morning in Semnan province, and more than 7,500 people participated in this exercise across the province's various counties.

He explained: [This] big exercise is held every year in all of the country's provinces, which has been [given] the name 'Beit al-Moqdas' in order to show the goals of the Islamic Revolution in the liberation of Islamic countries and the export of the Revolution to the world.

The IRGC commander stated: This year's Beit al-Moqdas exercise is being held in 31 of the country's provicnes, and today Semnan is witness to the powerful maneuvers of the BaM, Ashura, aZ, and Kosar battalions.

Hosseini said: The exercise is a tactical, combat, and cultural action, and will be a [warning] to the enemies of Islam and the System.

Stating that the exercise will be held today and tomorrow in Semnan province, he announced a speech on friday in Semnan's Qods garrison by General Mohamed-Reza Naghdi – the head of the Basij.

The commander of the IRGC in Semnan stated: 250 government-personnel will also have a presence in this exercise and our request of them (?) is that everyone wear the uniform of the Basij.

1,300-person 'Beit al-Moqdas' exercise in Semnan:
This morning in Semnan, the exercise began with 1,370 people from BaM, IA, and Kosar battalions. The exercise's reveille will be held on Friday, [February 28th] in Semnan's Qods garrison with 1,770 people from BaM, HQ, IA, Kosar, Imam Hussein, and aZ battalions.

Also, other counties of the province have begun the exercise simultaneously with Semnan, including Shahrud, Garmsar, Miyami, Mehdishahr, Aradan, and sorkheh.

702-Person exercise in Shahrud:
This morning in Shahrud, the exercise began with 702 people in BaM and Kosar battalions, and on Friday, [February 28th] reveille will be held in this province with 1,300 people from BaM, Kosar, and IH battalions.

468 people present in Damghan exercise:
In Damghan, the exercise is being held with 468 people in two BaM battalions. Reveille will be held with 1,000 people from BaM, IH, and aZ battalions.
Holding exercise in Sorkheh with 236 people:
The exercise is being held in sorkheh with 236 people from a BaM battalion. Reveille will be held in this county with 650 people from BaM, IH, and aZ battalions.

468 people in Garmsar exercise:
In Garmsar, the exercise is being held with 468 people from two BaM battalions. Reveille will be held with 768 people from BaM, IH, and aZ battalions.

Holding exercise in Mehdishahr:
The exercise is being held in Mehdishahr with 468 people in two BaM battalions. Reveille will be held in this county with 668 people from BaM and IH battalions.

468 people in Miyami hosting exercise:
In Miyami, the exercise is being held with 468 people from [a] BaM battalion. Reveille will be held with 868 people from BaM, IH, and aZ battalions.

Aradan also went into the field:
The exercise in Aradan is being held with 468 people in two BaM battalions. Reveille in this county will be held with 690 people in BaM, and aZ battalions, and Imam Hussein companies.
---

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

IRIAF Air Bases

The squadrons that make up the Iranian Air Force (IRIAF) are assigned to a series of tactical-air-bases* (TABs) spread across the country. These form the highest known level of organization since it is unknown whether the IRIAF employs a regional operations command similar to other services.

 * also rendered as tactical-fighter-bases (TFBs)



1st 'Shahid Lashkari' Tactical Air Base (TAB-1) – Tehran
As of May 2014, the base is commanded by Brig. Gen. 2nd Class (BG2) Mohammed Tasviyehchi. [1]

2nd 'Shahid Fakoori' Tactical Air Base (TAB-2) – Tabriz
As of March 2014, the base is commanded by BG2 Hamid Vahedi. [2]

3rd 'Shahid Nojeh' Tactical Air Base (TAB-3) – Hamedan
As of April 2014, the base is commanded by BG2 Mansour Vanek. [3]

4th 'Shahid Vahdati' Tactical Air Base (TAB-4) – Dezful
As of March 2014, the base is commanded by BG2 Hamid Reza Ashena. [4]

5th 'Shahid Ardestani' Tactical Air Base (Tab-5) – Omidiyeh
Operational status unknown. Transferred to IRIADF; reserve airstrip.

6th 'Shahid Yassini' Tactical Air Base (TAB-6) – Bushehr
As of February 2014, the base is commanded by BG2 Mehdi Hadiyan. [5]

7th 'Shahid Dowran' Tactical Air Base (TAB-7) – Shiraz
As of February 2014, the base is commanded by BG/BG2 Mansour Mohamedi. [6]

8th 'Shahid Babei' Tactical Air Base (TAB-8) – Isfahan
As of March 2013, the base is commanded by BG2 Masoud Roozkhosh. [7]

9th 'Shahid Abdulkarimi' Tactical Air Base – Bandar Abbas
As of December 2013, the base is commanded by BG2 Farhad Gudarzi. [8]

10th 'Shahid Dol Hamed' Tactical Air Base – Konarak
As of April 2014, the base is commanded by BG2 Mahmud Qoli Zadegan. [9]

12th 'Shahid Hosseini' Tactical Air Base – Birjand
Opened in October 2007, the base is commanded by Col. Hamid Moustafavi as of May 2013. [10]

14th 'Shahid Babaei' Tactical Air Base – Mashhad
Operational status unknown. Transferred to IRIADF. No longer active TAB.

Rumored, unconfirmed, reserve or retired airfields:
Ghale Morghi, Tehran: Closed, converted to park.
TAB-11 (Doshan Tappeh, Tehran): Closed, held in reserve (unconfirmed).
TAB-13 (Zahedan): No details.
TAB-15 (Kermanshah): No details.
TAB-16 (Kerman): No details.
TAB-17 (Masjed Suleiman): No details

Appendix - Commander IMINT:


Footnotes / Works Cited
[1] Tehran's Haj Director Meets with BG2 Mohammed Tasviyehchi. Tehran Haj. 05/26/14.
[2] Rouhani's Demands of Sepah / Missile Exercise Controversy. Mashregh News. 03/16/14.
[3] Commander of TAB 3: Farvadin 29 is a day about the Army. ISNA. 04/18/14.
[4] The IRIAF Had a Role in All the Operations of the Imposed War / Dezful Airbase Has Given 50 Martys to the Revolution. Mashregh News. 04/30/14.
[5] First Memorial for General Yassini Held in Bushehr. IRNA. 02/06/14
[6] Iran Becoming a Defense Industry Hub in the Region. FNA. 02/07/14
[7] Ibid Mashregh News, 03/16/14
[8] TAB 9 Completely Surrounds the Persian Gulf. FNA. 12/20/13.
[9] Expansion of the Airport Facilities at Chahbahar is an Advancement for the People of the Region. IRNA. 04/11/14.
[10] Country's 12th TAB Opened in Birjand. MNA. 10/09/07

Sunday, July 20, 2014

IRGCN Naval Regions

Tasked with securing the Persian Gulf, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Navy (IRGCN/NEDASA) is organized into five geographic regions, plus a handful of independent bases outside of the Gulf. These form the administrative basis for conducting combat operations and are believed to be largely equivalent to other services' 'regional headquarters'.


1st Naval Region – Bandar Abbas 
The 1st Naval Region is headquartered in Bandar Abbas. As of March 2014, the region is commanded by Vice Admiral (hereafter, BG2) Mohammed Shiyari. [1] Prior to his appointment in June 2013, he was the region's deputy commander. He replaced the previous commander, BG2 Torabi, who was promoted to Inspections Deputy for the IRGCN. [2]

It's operations area is focused on the Strait of Hormuz.

2nd Naval Region – Bandar Bushehr
The 2nd Naval Region is headquartered in Bushehr, in the central Persian Gulf. As of April 2014, the region is commanded by BG2 Ali Razmjou. [3]

3rd Naval Region – Bandar Mahshahr
The 3rd Naval Region is headquartered in Bandar Mahshahr in the northern Persian Gulf. As of February 2014, the region is commanded by BG2 Seifollah Bakhtiarvand. [4]

The scope of its area of operations is unknown.

4th Naval Region – Bandar Asaluyeh 
The 4th Naval Region is headquartered in Asaluyeh, between Bushehr and Bandar Abbas. As of January 2013, the base is commanded by BG2 Yadollah Badin[13]

Its area of operations extends from the town of Dayyar in the north, to Kish Island in the south. [5] This area was previously associated with both the 1st and 2nd Naval Regions, but was split off in November 2008. Prior to the designation, the IRGCN maintaned an independent base at Asaluyeh. [6]

5th Naval Region – Bandar Lengah 
The 5th Naval Region is headquartered in Bandar Lengah in the southern Persian Gulf. As of June 2014, the region is commanded by BG2 Ali Azamayi. [7] Prior to his appointment in 2012, he was the deputy commander of the IRGCN's 1st Naval Region. [8]

Its area of operations extends from Qeshm Island in the east, to Kish Island in the west, covering the islands in between including the contested Tunbs and Abu Musa. This area was previously associated with the 1st Naval Zone, but was split off in November 2012 in order focus their efforts on the cluster of islands. [9]

Independent Naval Bases:

Imam Ali Naval Base - Bandar Chahbahar 
As of July 2013, the base is commanded by Colonel Mansour Ravankar. [10]

Naval Base - Bandar Jask [11]

Seyyed al-Shohada Training Center - Gilan
Built around 2012, this recent complex reportedly consolidated all of the training facilities used by the IRGC-N including commando and officer education. [12] It's location is unknown, but may be Zibakenar.

Appendix - Commander IMINT:


Footnotes / Works Cited:
1) 1,800 People Visit the Region of the Iran-Iraq War in Bandar Abbas. IRNA. 04/24/14.
2) New Commander for the 1st Naval Region Appointed. Hamshahri Online. 06/03/13.
3) Commander Sees Persian Gulf as Battlefield of Possible Iran-US War. FNA. 06/10/14.
4) Provinces Were the Biggest Reason for the Success of the Islamic Revolution. FNA. 02/03/14.
5) Iran Opens Fourth Naval Base in the Persian Gulf. Payvand News. 11/19/08.
6) Ceremony for the Beginning of the 4th Naval Region. PSEEZ. 11/17/08.
7) Members of the Bandar-e Lengah City Council Present in the 5th Naval Region. Lengah News. 06/05/14.
8) General Azamayi Became the Commander of the Sepah's 5th Naval Region. FNA. 11/04/12.
9) Where are IRGCN Naval Bases in the Persian Gulf? Entekhab. 11/05/12.
10) The Enemies' Martys Failed to Achieve Their Objectives. FNA. 07/18/13.
11) The Minister of Defense and General Hajizadeh Visited the IRGC-N Naval Region. FNA. 04/23/13.
12) Construction of Independent IRGCN Wharfs in the North of the Country. Ahrargil. 12/08/12
13) Awarding Rank to the New Commander of the 4th Naval Region. FNA. 01/28/13.

Monday, June 23, 2014

Translation - Will History Repeat Itself? [Iran's Characterization of the 1975 Helsinki Accords]

Title: Will History Repeat Itself
Date: February 18, 2014 / Bahman 29, 1392
Source: Mashregh News 

In the mid-1980s, the plan for [unclear, related to human-rights institutions] was prepared and approved by America's National Security Council. This document was officially published after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1992. The title of this document was: “Programs Against the Soviet Union Within the Next 10 Years”

According to the Mashregh blogosphere, Sina Rabiee writes in his latest post at 'Noghteskh':

It has been several months since the agreement between Iran and America (the 5+1 countries, and perhaps the 3+3). Parts of this agreement [resemble] the conquest of ol-Fatooh and other parts [resemble] the treaty of Turkmenchay.

However, it seems that this treaty is more similar to the Gulistan Treaty, and from other perspectives, is similar to the Helsinki Treaty; with regard to the hidden articles of the agreement, its ambiguity, and concessions by Iran, the treaty has a special resemblance to the Gulistan Treaty. In other ways, it has a special resemblance to the Helsinki treaty because America's military options for Iran have been frustrated, and they seek to advance their objectives through social, cultural, and political influence[. They also seek to advance their objectives] through the creation of divisions in the top military leadership, [and by] building up opponents of the government in the international-sphere, such as awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Shirin Abadi, the introduction of Khatami as an international personality and the acceptance of his view of 2001 as the year of 'dialogue between civilizations.

[Gulistan Treaty entry]

Helsinki:

[Another agreement was concluded in 1975]. An agreement in the cultural-sphere between Russia and America, [this] agreement caused the American intelligence system to influence senior Russian figures, and [led to the dissolution of the USSR] in 1992. [These] events, which dissolved the Soviet Union in three stages, also sought to break Russia into 15 states.

“The Helsinki Agreement was signed in 1975, of which the third article of this agreement formally confirmed an increase in academic-cultural cooperation between the USSR and America. In these circumstances, American and European security [and intelligence] systems, with careful planning and large expenditures, looked to lure away key Soviet officials, and engaged in all sorts of tricks to hire people.” (Hassan Vaezi. 'Reform and Collapse, Explaining the Restructuring Plan of the Soviet Union in Iran. Tehran'. Soroush. 1379 [2000/2001]. p.23

America and Europe used all [available] methods to achieve their objectives, but the most important and efficient way to influence Soviet authorities was a variety of methods. [Their] influence began with academic (?) and cultural cooperation and ended with security and political activities. Generally, foreign-areas [related] to the collapse of the USSR include:

- Dragging the USSR into an arms-race and expanding its scope, which led to one-dimensional development and neglect of other aspects.
- Planned programs to pull down the Iron Curtain
- Economic blockade of the USSR with the objective of undermining national ability
- Manufacturing successive crisis
- Planned programs to destroy the face of the USSR in public-opinion.
- Extensive support for opposition, and the discrediting of judicial, and security institutions.
- Planned programs to influence leading USSR officials with bribes, financial issues, threats, and documentation.

Alexi Podberezkin, Chief of the Military-Science Academy, member of Russian Parliment, and head of the Cultural Heritage Organizaton, has said about the American plans for the collapse of the Soviet Union:
“In the mid-1980s, plans for[unclear, related to human-rights institutions] was prepared and approved by America's National Security Council. This document was officially released in 1992, after the collapse of the USSR. The title of this document was: Programs Against the Soviet Union Within the Next 10 Years'”
In this document, a three-phased collapse of the USSR, and a one-stage collapse of Russia were considered.

1) Planning for the dismantling of the Warsaw Pact (military-pact consisting of east-bloc countries in opposition to NATO)
2) Planning for the isolation and break-up of the Baltic republics, such as the Ukraine, Moldova, etc
3) Isolation of other central-Asian republics from the USSR
4) Division of Russia into 10-15 different states and regions

The first three phases have been implemented, and America is seeking the implementation of the fourth phase currently.

Podberezkin says:
"In 1989, I studied more than 200 different documents [by] America relating to the collapse of the USSR, I was able to classify America and the West's strategy, in late-1989 and early-1990 I provided documents to Gorbachev and the leaders of the so-called reform movement, but instead of planning to confront the American strategy and attempt to save the country from the crisis I was accused of being anti-reform, and opposed to Perestroika … [unclear]." (Same, p.26-27)

To realize its objectives, America [operationalized] its programs between 1975-1992, however the programs that can be [seen] as the primary-cause of the collapse:

a) Destruction of the security and judicial system, and discrediting them in public-opinion. (army, judiciary, etc)
b) Promoting the point that with the end of the Cold War, all of the political, economic, security, and international problems of the USSR will be resolved.
c) Funding the creation of political organizations with Western ideas to promote their primary objectives.
d) Removal of sympathetic forces from the political and social scene of the country
e) The application of influencing forces and the use of publications, parties, and affiliates to prevent government leadership from resolving their failures. (in this context, this means supporting people like Gorbachev, and appoint him as 'person of the year')
f) [The use of] external pressures, regional crisis, and institutions like the IMF and WB to weaken financial strength and national ability with the objective of creating national economic crisis and public dissatisfaction.
g) Provoking Soviet Republics to secede and declare independence.

 [Geneva entry and conclusion]

Wednesday, May 14, 2014

Translation - Interview with Gen. Hajizadeh and Technical Descriptions of Features from the IRGC-ASF's Recent Exhibition

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corp's Aerospace Force (IRGC-ASF) displayed a number of their latest achievements this past Sunday. The importance of this exhibition - which was timed, no doubt, to coincide with the latest round of nuclear talks between Iran and the P5+1 - was underscored by the presence of the Supreme Leader, and a veritable laundry list of senior military commanders.

In the English-language media, the star of the show was a copy of the RQ-170 downed over eastern Iran in late-2011, but a number of displays flew beneath the radar that were just as interesting, if not more so.

These include (but are not limited to):

- Raad / 3rd-Khordad / Tabas / Bashir / Taer Air-Defense Family
- Zelzal / Fateh / Khalij Fars / Hormuz / Fajr Ballistic Missiles
- Ya Ali Cruise Missile

Open-source reporting in Persian-language media helped augment traditional image-analysis techniques, providing insights into these system's capabilities. The following translations are relevant excerpts from these reports. Emphasis added.

Title: 2nd and 3rd RQ-170 Aircraft Currently Under Construction / Hormuz-1 Anti-Radar Missile and the Hormuz-2 Anti-Ship Missile
Date: 05/12/14 (02/22/93)
Source: Fars News (Video via Youtube)

....
Hajizadeh, referencing post-revolution self-sufficiency, said: We [have overcome] sanctions and have arrived at a point where the enemy cannot limit our military. ...

He said: In the past, we looked to, and relied on foreigners and their equipment, but we encountered obstacles – for example, we would only receive 40% of what we asked for, and then they would say 'you don't have to buy from us', [but] we still did, and in the end they still did not give us the radar, [instead] they delivered only some shoddy products and returned our money.

...
In another part of the interview, Hajizadeh referred to the Iranian RQ-170, saying: Obtaining the RQ-170 UAV is an intelligence achievement for us and [we have made a copy of it]. At the time [of the capture] we already had highly-capable UAVs, [so] we [only] gained a little from it.

He stated: The work [on the Iranian RQ-170] took place between Azar 1390 [December 2011] and today, and only the test flight remains, which may take place in one or two months (?) However, the 15% scale-model of this UAV has successfully flown before, and the prototype will fly during the coming months.


Hajizadeh also referenced the display of the one-to-one, and 40% scale models of the RQ-170, saying: The second and third RQ-170 aircraft are currently under construction.

The IRGC-ASF commander emphasized: … the enemy has said in recent years that their missile defense can hit [our] missiles, but today they come to us and say 'let's negotiate about [your] ballistic missiles'. If they could [defend against our missiles], they wouldn't negotiate.

He noted: In military-dimensions, we have crossed the sanctions barrier and they cannot limit us anymore [and in other areas sanctions are useless (?)].

Referring to the radar in yesterday's display, Hajizadeh noted: ...foreigners didn't give it to us, and we had only one image and one visit [to observe it], but with the assistance of our experts we were able to manufacture and operate them.

The IRGC-ASF commander said: We have arrived at the mass-production of precision-strike ground-to-ground missiles, and yesterday we presented the changes [that we have made in them] to the SL.

And in reference to the Hormuz 1 and 2 missiles, he said: The Hormuz 1 and 2 are two types of ballistic missiles, of which the Hormuz 1 is an anti-radar missile and can destroy the radar onboard an aircraft carrier, or a Patriot site on land, or a search[/surveillance]-radar site.

Hajizadeh added: The Hormuz 1 can strike a 20 foot container from a range of 300 km with complete accuracy.

The commander emphasized: The Hormuz 2 is an anti-ship ballistic missile that reaches speeds of Mach 4-5.

Hajizadeh also referred to the '3rd of Khordad' missile system: This system is a phased array radar, meaning that one radar actually has a total of 1,700 radars. This sytem has electronic scanning capabilities and is very advanced, and is competitive with the Russian S-300 and BUK-M2E.

He added: The '3rd of Khordad' system [can] destroy four targets simultaneously with eight missiles, three of which are installed on the [TELAR]-system and two more TELs can be added.

The commander said: The '3rd of Khordad' system will have a range of more than a 100 km with the missiles that will be installed on it in the future.

Hajizadeh, stating that today they have reached the edge of air-defense technology possessed by other countries, said: We have built systems that are not in the same class and level as foreign systems because [our] systems are innovative and not [vulnerable] to jamming.

-

Title: 3rd-Khordad' System Comparable to S-300 / Range Increase to 200 km
Date: 05/12/14 (02/22/93)
Source: DEFA Press 
...
The '3rd-Khordad' air-defense system [can] track and fire at four targets, with eight missiles, simultaneously

This system has the ability to target fighters, bombers, and cruise missiles up to an altitude to 25 km.

The '3rd-Khordad' missile-system (a product of the Sepah's Air Defense [and] Radar Research Center) is comparable with the Russian S-300, except that the current Iranian system has a 50 km range and [version(s)] with a 100 and 200 km range are in development. 

-

Title: 'Zelzal Rain' with 30, 17-kg, bombs / A missile equivalent to 36 rockets
Date: 05/12/14 (02/22/93)
Source: DEFA Press

...
30, 17-kg, bombs are used in the 'Zelzal Rain', which are dispersed close to the ground to hit airport runways and equipment 
-
Title: 'Ya Ali'  Missile; the Newest Iranian Cruise Missile with a Range of 700 km
Date: 05/12/14 (02/22/93)
Source: DEFA Press

Yesterday, the SL visited an exhibition of the IRGC-ASF's achievments.
During this visit, a new cruise missile named 'Ya Ali' was unveiled, which was displayed in a red color.
According to information obtained, the Ya Ali cruise missile has a range of 700 km. Before this, Iran's cruise missiles had, at most, a range of 300 km.

-